Linux OS

Linux remains something of a mystery. Rather than being created as a commercial product, this operating system came about as an experiment with the intent of making it freely available to everyone. While this origin has kept its laptop use to under 2% of the market, Linux has taken off in other surprising ways. 


The operating system got its start in 1991 when Finnish computer science student Linus Torvalds decided to create a scaled-down version of the Unix operating system as a personal challenge. The result was a program with full OS capabilities to smoothly control all components of a desktop computer while activating any applications available on it. With a non-commercial start, Linux is open source software that’s accessible to anyone without restrictions and can be altered and improved by any user with the skills and inclination. 


The best-known attempt at tying Linux to a line of consumer laptops has been the Chromebook line of notebook computers featuring Linux-based Chrome OS. Despite this, it’s still a surprisingly widespread operating system. The most common location is on a smartphone screen. The fundamental components of Linux are called the Linux kernel, and it’s this software that serves as the basis for the Android operating system. Its reputation for reliability has given Linux roughly a third of the Internet server market. The combination of no licensing fee and open-source customization also make it the preferred OS for nearly all the world’s supercomputers. Linux is also at the heart of organizations like the US Department of Defense, USPS, and IBM. 


With limited desktop popularity, there aren’t as many software titles adapted to Linux as there are for Windows or Mac. On the other hand, a lot of open-source projects like Open Office or Gimp are designed primarily for Linux and are available for free online. Along with separate software, it should be pointed out that Linux itself is actually an assemblage of software components built on top of the Linux kernel. This arrangement gives Linux the unique quality of having multiple desktop environments, the part of the OS that appears on the screen, to choose from. Windows and Mac OS give users only one option, but Linux offers such distinct user interfaces as Unity, LXDE, xfce, GNOME, or KDE.